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Vaccino anti gp120 Sudhir Paul

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Vaccino anti gp120 Sudhir Paul Empty Vaccino anti gp120 Sudhir Paul

Messaggio Da Gex Mer 5 Gen - 23:12

Nuovo vaccino del Prof Sudhir Paul.
Il vaccino e' diretto contro la proteina gp120 dell'Hiv.

La gp120 è la a glicoproteina esposto sulla superficie del Busta del HIV. I 120 nel relativo nome vengono dal relativo peso molecolare di 120 kilodaltons.

La struttura di cristallo di gp120 complessato a D1D2 CD4 e un anticorpo neutralizzante Fab è stata risolta da Peter Kwong in 1998. È organizzato con un dominio esterno, un dominio interno riguardo ai relativi termini e la a gettare un ponte su foglio. Il gene gp120 è intorno a 1.5Kb lungo[la citazione ha avuto bisogno di] e codici per intorno 500 amminoacidi. Tre copie di gp120 formano in un trimero di che ricopre l'estremità gp41.

Virus umano di Immunodeficiency (HIV) può il mutate rimanere frequentemente davanti al sistema immune. Ci è tuttavia una regione altamente conservata nel genome del virus vicino al relativo luogo obbligatorio del ricevitore. La glicoproteina gp120 è ancorata al membrana virale attraverso i legami non-covalenti con gp41, entrambi che vengono da una proteina fenduta, gp160. Infetta tutta la cellula dell'obiettivo con la a CD4 ricevitore, specialmente T-cellula dell'assistente, legandosi a quel ricevitore. Legandosi a CD4 è pricipalmente elettrostatico anche se ci è van der Waals interazioni e legami dell'idrogeno.

Il meccanismo esatto dell'entrata del virus in una cellula è sconosciuto. Tuttavia, gp120 svolge un ruolo vitale nel cercare i ricevitori sulle cellule ospiti per l'entrata.

[Devi essere iscritto e connesso per vedere questo link]

Presentati a Vienna anche dati preliminari sul vaccino anti gp 120 modificata che sembra funzionare in topi e conigli.

[Devi essere iscritto e connesso per vedere questo link]

Abzyme Research Foundation Announces Promising HIV Vaccine Candidate



Scientists at University of Texas Houston Medical School Identify Key Defect in Immune Response to HIV

The Abzyme Research Foundation announces that Dr. Sudhir Paul, a scientist at University of Texas Houston Medical School, has identified an important immunological deficiency in HIV-infected patients and has created a promising HIV vaccine candidate that rectifies the deficiency. The discoveries were presented on July 19th and 20th, 2010 at the XVII International AIDS Society Conference in Vienna, Austria.

The HIV vaccine candidate has been tested in mice and rabbits. It was effective in inducing the production of protective antibodies that stopped the HIV from infecting human blood cells in laboratory tests.

Dr. Paul and his colleagues discovered that HIV patients do not produce sufficient protective antibodies of a type called IgG that are capable of attacking the vulnerable CD4 binding site on the HIV. The virus binds to human host cells through this site to cause infection. The CD4 binding site is a small part of gp120, a protein found on the surface of HIV. Studies of mice injected with gp120 confirmed an insufficient IgG response to the CD4 binding site. Previous vaccine tests by other researchers used the gp120 protein itself without success in protecting against infection.

“Using an electron-seeking form of gp120, we triggered the production of the crucial IgG antibodies to the CD4 binding site in animals,” said Dr. Paul. “We believe this method is the key to developing an HIV vaccine.”

Dr. Paul’s team has found that chemical stimulation of the immune system by electron-seeking (electrophilic) proteins is the central step for rectifying the defective antibody response to the CD4 binding site. Since the structure of the CD4 binding site is very similar in all HIV strains throughout the world, a globally effective HIV vaccine may be possible.

Lead E-VAC Candidate

The researchers have developed a synthetic electrophilic vaccine candidate, or E-VAC, which works by focusing the antibody response at the CD4 binding site. The E-VAC is a synthetic portion of gp120 that successfully mimics the shape of the CD4 binding site expressed by the HIV virus. Administration of E-VAC to animals induces antibodies with enzymatic activity, or abzymes. Unlike traditional antibodies that neutralize the target on a 1:1 basis, abzymes are significantly more efficacious because each abzyme molecule can neutralize thousands of target molecules.

E-VAC administered to mice and rabbits induced the production of blood-borne IgG antibodies that blocked the infection of human cells by genetically divergent HIV-1 strains from across the world.

“We are backing the research of Dr. Paul’s team because his approach using abzymes shows enormous progress in creating an HIV vaccine,” said Alan Kleiman, chairman of the board for the Abzyme Research Foundation. “Our foundation aims to drive discovery and innovation in the field of HIV research in hopes of one day eliminating the HIV/AIDS pandemic.”

The lead E-VAC was developed from recent proof-of-concept studies that validated targeting of the CD4 binding site and chemical stimulation of the immune system as published recently by Dr. Paul’s team in the journals AIDS and The Journal of Biological Chemistry. The work is being conducted at the University of Texas Houston Medical School and California Department of Public Health with support from the National Institutes of Health.

In addition to Dr. Paul, key contributors are Drs. Stephanie Planque, Yasuhiro Nishiyama and Carl Hanson. Dr. Planque is presenting the results at the Vienna AIDS Conference. Dr. Planque’s paper was selected by International AIDS Society for the IAS/ANRS Young Scientist Award to be presented at the Conference.

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This entry was posted on Wednesday, July 21st, 2010 at 6:11 am and is filed under Health News. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0 feed. You can leave a response, or trackback from your own site.
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