Forum Hiv
Vuoi reagire a questo messaggio? Crea un account in pochi click o accedi per continuare.

1 Dicembre: World AIDS Day (Giornata mondiale contro l'AIDS)

Andare in basso

1 Dicembre: World AIDS Day (Giornata mondiale contro l'AIDS) Empty 1 Dicembre: World AIDS Day (Giornata mondiale contro l'AIDS)

Messaggio Da Gex Sab 5 Nov - 21:11

La Giornata mondiale contro l'AIDS, indetta ogni anno il 1º dicembre, è dedicata ad accrescere la coscienza della epidemia mondiale di AIDS dovuta alla diffusione del virus HIV. Dal 1981 l'AIDS ha ucciso oltre 25 milioni di persone, diventando una delle epidemie più distruttive che la storia ricordi. Per quanto in tempi recenti l'accesso alle terapie e ai farmaci antiretrovirali sia migliorato in molte regioni del mondo, l'epidemia di AIDS ha mietuto circa 3,1 milioni di vittime nel corso del 2005 (le stime si situano tra 2,9 e 3,3 milioni), oltre la metà delle quali (570.000) erano bambini.

L'idea di una Giornata mondiale contro l'AIDS ha avuto origine al Summit mondiale dei ministri della sanità sui programmi per la prevenzione dell'AIDS del 1988 ed è stata in seguito adottata da governi, organizzazioni internazionali ed associazioni di tutto il mondo.

Dal 1987 al 2004 la Giornata mondiale contro l'AIDS è stata organizzata dall'UNAIDS, ovvero dall'organizzazione delle Nazioni Unite che si occupa della lotta all'AIDS, la quale, in collaborazione con altre organizzazioni coinvolte, ha scelto di volta in volta un "tema" per la Giornata. Dal 2005 l'UNAIDS ha demandato la responsabilità dell'organizzazione e gestione della Giornata Mondiale alla WAC (The World AIDS Campaign), un'organizzazione indipendente, che ha scelto come tema per l'anno - e fino al 2010 - Stop AIDS: Keep the Promise (ovvero "Fermare l'AIDS: manteniamo la promessa") tema che non è strettamente legato alla Giornata Mondiale ma che rispecchia l'impegno quotidiano della WAC.

World AIDS Day

The Red Ribbon is the global symbol for solidarity with HIV-positive people and those living with AIDS.

World AIDS Day, observed December 1 each year, is dedicated to raising awareness of the AIDS pandemic caused by the spread of HIV infection. It is common to hold memorials to honor persons who have died from HIV/AIDS on this day. Government and health officials also observe the event, often with speeches or forums on the AIDS topics. Since 1995, the President of the United States has made an official proclamation on World AIDS Day. Governments of other nations have followed suit and issued similar announcements.

AIDS has killed more than 25 million people between 1981 and 2007,[1] and an estimated 33.2 million people worldwide live with HIV as of 2007,[2] making it one of the most destructive epidemics in recorded history. Despite recent, improved access to antiretroviral treatment and care in many regions of the world, the AIDS epidemic claimed an estimated 2 million lives in 2007,[3] of which about 270,000 were children.[4

History

Russian stamp, 1993

World AIDS Day was first conceived in August 1987 by James W. Bunn and Thomas Netter, two public information officers for the Global Programme on AIDS at the World Health Organization in Geneva, Switzerland.[5] [6] Bunn and Netter took their idea to Dr. Jonathan Mann, Director of the Global Programme on AIDS (now known as UNAIDS). Dr. Mann liked the concept, approved it, and agreed with the recommendation that the first observance of World AIDS Day should be 1 December, 1988.

Bunn, a broadcast journalist on a leave-of-absence from his reporting duties at KPIX-TV in San Francisco, recommended the date of 1 December believing it would maximize coverage by western news media. Since 1988 was an election year in the U.S., Bunn suggested that media outlets would be weary of their post-election coverage and eager to find a fresh story to cover. Bunn and Netter determined that 1 December was long enough after the election and soon enough before the Christmas holidays that it was, in effect, a dead spot in the news calendar and thus perfect timing for World AIDS Day.

On 18 June, 1986 KPIX'S “AIDS Lifeline," a community education project, was honored with a Presidential Citation for Private Sector Initiatives presented by President Ronald Reagan. Because of his role as a co-creator of "AIDS Lifeline" Bunn was asked by Dr. Mann, on behalf of the U.S. government, to take a two-year leave-of-absence to join Dr. Mann, an epidemiologist for the Centers for Disease Control, and assist in the creation of the Global Programme on AIDS for the United Nations' World Health Organization. Mr. Bunn accepted and was named the first Public Information Officer for the Global Programme on AIDS. Along with Mr. Netter Bunn conceived, designed, and implemented the inaugural World AIDS Day observance – now the longest-running disease awareness and prevention initiative of its kind in the history of public health.

The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) became operational in 1996, and it took over the planning and promotion of World AIDS Day.[7] Rather than focus on a single day, UNAIDS created the World AIDS Campaign in 1997 to focus on year-round communications, prevention and education.[7][8]

In its first two years, the theme of World AIDS Day focused on children and young people. These themes were strongly criticized at the time for ignoring the fact that people of all ages may become infected with HIV and suffer from AIDS.[7] But the themes drew attention to the HIV/AIDS epidemic, helped alleviate some of the stigma surrounding the disease, and helped boost recognition of the problem as a family disease.[7]

In 2004, the World AIDS Campaign became an independent organization.[7][8][9]

Each year, Popes John Paul II and Benedict XVI have released a greeting message for patients and doctors on World AIDS Day.[10][11][12][13][14][15]
[edit]
Choosing the theme

From its inception until 2004, UNAIDS spearheaded the World AIDS Day campaign, choosing annual themes in consultation with other global health organizations.

As of 2008, each year's World AIDS Day theme is chosen by the World AIDS Campaign's Global Steering Committee after extensive consultation with people, organizations and government agencies involved in the prevention and treatment of HIV/AIDS.[7] For each World AIDS Day from 2005 through 2010, the theme will be "Stop AIDS. Keep the Promise.", with a yearly sub-theme.[7] This overarching theme is designed to encourage political leaders to keep their commitment to achieve universal access to HIV/AIDS prevention, treatment, care, and support by the year 2010.[7]

This theme is not specific to World AIDS Day, but is used year-round in WAC's efforts to highlight HIV/AIDS awareness within the context of other major global events including the G8 Summit. World AIDS Campaign also conducts "in-country" campaigns throughout the world, like the Student Stop AIDS Campaign, an infection-awareness campaign targeting young people throughout the UK.
[edit]
World AIDS Day Themes, 1988–present[16]

A large red ribbon hangs between columns in the north portico of the White House for World AIDS Day, November 30, 2007

A 67 m long "condom" on the Obelisk of Buenos Aires, Argentina, part of an awareness campaign for the 2005 World AIDS Day1988 Communication
1989 Youth
1990 Women and AIDS
1991 Sharing the Challenge
1992 Community Commitment
1993 Act
1994 AIDS and the Family
1995 Shared Rights, Shared Responsibilities
1996 One World. One Hope
1997 Children Living in a World with AIDS
1998 Force for Change: World AIDS Campaign With Young People
1999 Listen, Learn, Live: World AIDS Campaign with Children & Young People
2000 AIDS: Men Make a Difference
2001 I care. Do you?
2002 Stigma and Discrimination
2003 Stigma and Discrimination
2004 Women, Girls, HIV and AIDS
2005 Stop AIDS. Keep the Promise
2006 Stop AIDS. Keep the Promise – Accountability
2007 Stop AIDS. Keep the Promise – Leadership
2008 Stop AIDS. Keep the Promise – Lead – Empower – Deliver [17]
2009 Universal Access and Human Rights [18]
2010 Universal Access and Human Rights [19]

[edit]
AIDS Awareness Month

Different governments and organizations have declared different months as AIDS Awareness Month. The most popular choices are October and December. December is chosen to coincide with World AIDS Day.

[Devi essere iscritto e connesso per vedere questo link]

Gex
Gex
Admin

Messaggi : 2565
Data d'iscrizione : 20.12.10

Torna in alto Andare in basso

Torna in alto


 
Permessi in questa sezione del forum:
Non puoi rispondere agli argomenti in questo forum.